Trang chủ Blog The first thing is to spend as much time as possible with your baby in the bosom of nature.

The first thing is to spend as much time as possible with your baby in the bosom of nature.

The first thing is to spend as much time as possible with your baby in the bosom of nature.

To “bad” and “bad” children often include representatives of the class of insects, amphibians. some herbaceous plants. Therefore, a long, painstaking work is required on the part of an adult. To do this, it is advisable to conduct observations (frog), conversations, stories (snake).

During the observation of the frog, the child should pay attention to the adaptation of the limbs to movement in certain conditions (short front and long hind legs make it easier to jump in thick grass), food organs to obtain food (big mouth, long sticky tongue for catching insects), skin color to the environment.

It is necessary to tell about a snake that it never attacks the person first, and can bite only for the purpose of self-defense. Its beauty is obvious: the elastic body is covered with scales of different shades, it is flexible, it folds like a rope, it suddenly straightens and slides easily on the ground and the trunk of a tree.

Children need to be convinced of the variety of colors, shapes and sounds in nature. They need to be shown how people use the beauty of nature in their lives. On many things you can find patterns with plant elements, with the image of animals: the lamp shape resembles a bell or a lily. The sounds of music also often hear the voices of animals, the sound of the wind, the song of a stream, and others. We repeat the beauty of nature in various manifestations, bringing it closer to ourselves. The formation of attitudes towards nature is impossible without the education of sensitivity, compassion, kindness, humanism.

It is sad, but a fact: today we are in a state of not only economic but also ecological crisis, which threatens our entire planet. And to get out of it, to prevent a possible catastrophe, we need immediate joint action of millions of citizens, the whole society.

But is everyone aware of this? Unfortunately, we have ample reason to say the opposite. And often it is not people’s fault, but their misfortune. Because they did not teach them to understand the inseparability and interdependence of the components of nature, their place in the natural environment, did not instill basic skills of communication with all living and non-living things that surround us. Therefore, the education of children to care for nature, the formation of environmental skills are gaining special importance today in preschool and in the family.

What can adults do to make their child not only able to see the beauty of a flower, a single tree or a bush, not only admire the beautiful scenery, but also be able to feel the pain of every broken branch, mutilated bush, sincerely want to help them? The first thing is to be with the baby in the bosom of nature as much as possible. Show him how wonderful any creation is – from a stone to an animal, from a cloud to the roadside grass. Tell how everything lives on earth and underground, in water and in the air.

Even a 5-6 year old child is able to understand that on hard, dry, not dug ground nothing can grow, that when trees are cut down, birds will have nowhere to live, then no one will protect the garden from caterpillars, and therefore apples and plums. nothing to expect, and if before the winter cold is not covered or not transferred to the room flowers, they will die from the cold.

In small “chomuchok” each message evokes a truly chain reaction of curiosity: so parents and educators must be well aware of native nature, interested in the history of their land, folk signs and customs, always closely related to the life of nature, to accurately and intelligibly tell about it. children, answer their questions.

But this is only one aspect of educational work. It is equally important that the child sees a personal example of family and terrible examples they should not show. For example, how many times does a child hear from mom or dad while walking in a park or square: “Don’t tear flowers! Don’t run on the grass! Don’t break a bush. ”And she doesn’t understand why, because last Sunday in the forest she was not only not forbidden to do all this, but the adults themselves picked a lot of flowers (and then threw them on the platform), broke branches to brush off insects.

Why not now?

“Because people planted it in the park,” my mother patiently explains. So when people did – you can’t, and when it did – please? But both are equally alive. The kid thinks. Once, the second, the third, and there, look, he will decide: mom and dad know everything, they do everything right, so I will do the same. And in a few years parents will be sincerely surprised: whence in their child such rigidity to all live? – just as sincerely forgetting about their own actions, which have a much greater impact than the best, most correct words.

Going to nature with a baby, you must first consider all the nuances of the walk, so that it was pleasant and beautiful for all family members, and for the younger – especially.

Admire the beautiful scenery, look at the plants and at the same time be sure to emphasize: “Never pluck this flower – it is listed in the Red Book” – and will tell about other plants from this sad encyclopedia. If there is a broken bush or tree, they will be “cured” and will not forget to visit next year.

Even more can be done by involving children in hard work in nature. Of course, the kids who live in the village feel more confident in communicating with natural objects: garden, vegetable garden, forest and meadow, field and river – all nearby, all familiar. But this does not mean that the elders should not explain to them how to treat plants, to participate in the possible participation in work on the land, care for it. It is good when a preschooler has his wards – flowers, garden crops, which he takes care of, helps adults to water them, weeds, etc., learning in the process of work, what exactly green friends need for normal development.

In the city it is a little more difficult. But many families living in the city now have garden plots, many take their children to the village for the summer to their grandmothers. And the holiday spent with the child in any corner of the country, gives enough space for ecological education, formation of nature protection skills.

After all, even in a normal urban environment in the apartment you can create a zeThis corner at least on the windowsill, so that the son or daughter in their own experience to see how vital to the smallest plant heat, light, moisture, daily care. And they saw how she thanked for it: a beautiful flower, greens to the table, vitamins.

Let the baby feel responsible for the condition of the plants entrusted to him. In no case can you do work for him, but scolding him if he forgot, for example, to water or loosen the soil in a pot in time, is also not worth it. It is better to tactfully remind, sympathize with the thirsty flower.

I offer educators simple classes on “Working in a corner of nature.”

Topic. Work in a corner of nature (preparatory group).

Goal. To clarify children’s knowledge that plants are alive, they need heat, light, air, water and nutrients for their growth and development. Consolidate previously acquired knowledge about the means of caring for plants in nature: how to water, loosen the soil, spray, wash the leaves. Consolidate knowledge about houseplants: begonia, ficus, myrtle, periwinkle, Amazon lily, coleus, aspidistra, tradescantia, Libya, balsam, their appearance.

Develop communication language, thinking. To bring up children’s love for houseplants, interest, desire to care for them.

Material: Indoor flowers, a bouquet of spring free writes lab reports flowers, sticks, buckets of water, watering cans, baths, rags for washing leaves, rags for wiping tables, sprayer, oilcloth to cover flower pots, bowls, aprons, wreaths.

The course of the lesson.

Guessing the riddle about the sun:

Who loves everyone equally? Is everyone equally blue? Everyone just look askance, And will not get to hug

That’s right, kids, ladybug. Everyone needs a sun: people, animals and plants. Take a look at this bouquet of spring flowers. What bright, cheerful colors he plays, pleases our eyes and souls. It did not do without the sun. The sun warmed the earth, enlivened everything around, and such beautiful flowers bloomed.

– And what are these flowers, where do they grow? (in the flower garden).

– What other flowers are there? (field, forest, meadow).

– And what kind of flowers are on the tables? (room).

– Why do we call them that? (because they grow only in the room).

No wonder I started talking about flowers. Today we will talk about our houseplants and practically show how to take care of them.

Educator. Flowers are our companions both at home and on the street. They accompany a person throughout his life: meet at birth, decorate the holiday. People always need them, pleasing to the eye in spring and summer, reviving the sad autumn, filling the apartment with joy in the harsh winter. Many songs and poems have been composed about flowers.

(There is music, four children in wreaths come in. They sing the song “Song of Flowers”).

Grow on the window Bloom in the sun. From the water greens. You take care of us, children, And water with water, That all of us could live, It is necessary to loosen the earth. Dear children, do not waste time – Wipe our leaves, In your group of flowers for us The most sincere friends are children.

– Who is this song about?

– What do flowers ask for?

– Who are the best friends for flowers?

– Flowers are living beings, and they need careful, proper care.

– Children, what do you need for normal development and growth of the plant? (light, heat, air, water, nutrients).

– Please name the flowers that are in your corner of nature? (children name houseplants).

– Here, let’s work with you on our flowers, show how we know how to take care of them (the educator divides the children into groups and gives each task).

Execution of work assignment by children.

Questions for children during work:

Why do we need houseplants? Are flowers watered equally in winter and spring? What do plants love in summer? (to be sprayed). And how do we wash asparagus? What other flowers do we just spray? (myrtle, periwinkle, tradescantia). Is it possible to water plants with cold water, why? And what water can be watered plants? (settled, room temperature). Can begonia and coleus be sprayed, why? Why do you need to loosen the soil in pots? How to properly hold a watering can, watering the plant?

The educator monitors the work of children, gives instructions, advice. When the work is finished, the children clean everything, put it in place.